Source code for _pytest.main

""" core implementation of testing process: init, session, runtest loop. """
import imp
import os
import re
import sys

import _pytest
import _pytest._code
import py
import pytest
    from collections import MutableMapping as MappingMixin
except ImportError:
    from UserDict import DictMixin as MappingMixin

from _pytest.runner import collect_one_node

tracebackcutdir = py.path.local(_pytest.__file__).dirpath()

# exitcodes for the command line

name_re = re.compile("^[a-zA-Z_]\w*$")

def pytest_addoption(parser):
    parser.addini("norecursedirs", "directory patterns to avoid for recursion",
        type="args", default=['.*', 'CVS', '_darcs', '{arch}', '*.egg'])
    parser.addini("testpaths", "directories to search for tests when no files or directories are given in the command line.",
        type="args", default=[])
    #    "patterns specifying possible locations of test files",
    #    type="linelist", default=["**/test_*.txt",
    #            "**/test_*.py", "**/*"]
    group = parser.getgroup("general", "running and selection options")
    group._addoption('-x', '--exitfirst', action="store_true", default=False,
               help="exit instantly on first error or failed test."),
    group._addoption('--maxfail', metavar="num",
               action="store", type=int, dest="maxfail", default=0,
               help="exit after first num failures or errors.")
    group._addoption('--strict', action="store_true",
               help="run pytest in strict mode, warnings become errors.")
    group._addoption("-c", metavar="file", type=str, dest="inifilename",
               help="load configuration from `file` instead of trying to locate one of the implicit configuration files.")

    group = parser.getgroup("collect", "collection")
    group.addoption('--collectonly', '--collect-only', action="store_true",
        help="only collect tests, don't execute them."),
    group.addoption('--pyargs', action="store_true",
        help="try to interpret all arguments as python packages.")
    group.addoption("--ignore", action="append", metavar="path",
        help="ignore path during collection (multi-allowed).")
    # when changing this to --conf-cut-dir, Conftest.setinitial
    # needs upgrading as well
    group.addoption('--confcutdir', dest="confcutdir", default=None,
        help="only load's relative to specified dir.")
    group.addoption('--noconftest', action="store_true",
        dest="noconftest", default=False,
        help="Don't load any files.")

    group = parser.getgroup("debugconfig",
        "test session debugging and configuration")
    group.addoption('--basetemp', dest="basetemp", default=None, metavar="dir",
               help="base temporary directory for this test run.")

def pytest_namespace():
    collect = dict(Item=Item, Collector=Collector, File=File, Session=Session)
    return dict(collect=collect)

def pytest_configure(config):
    pytest.config = config # compatibiltiy
    if config.option.exitfirst:
        config.option.maxfail = 1

def wrap_session(config, doit):
    """Skeleton command line program"""
    session = Session(config)
    session.exitstatus = EXIT_OK
    initstate = 0
            initstate = 1
            initstate = 2
            session.exitstatus = doit(config, session) or 0
        except pytest.UsageError:
        except KeyboardInterrupt:
            excinfo = _pytest._code.ExceptionInfo()
            session.exitstatus = EXIT_INTERRUPTED
            excinfo = _pytest._code.ExceptionInfo()
            config.notify_exception(excinfo, config.option)
            session.exitstatus = EXIT_INTERNALERROR
            if excinfo.errisinstance(SystemExit):
                sys.stderr.write("mainloop: caught Spurious SystemExit!\n")

        excinfo = None  # Explicitly break reference cycle.
        if initstate >= 2:
    return session.exitstatus

def pytest_cmdline_main(config):
    return wrap_session(config, _main)

def _main(config, session):
    """ default command line protocol for initialization, session,
    running tests and reporting. """

    if session.testsfailed:
        return EXIT_TESTSFAILED
    elif session.testscollected == 0:

def pytest_collection(session):
    return session.perform_collect()

def pytest_runtestloop(session):
    if session.config.option.collectonly:
        return True

    def getnextitem(i):
        # this is a function to avoid python2
        # keeping sys.exc_info set when calling into a test
        # python2 keeps sys.exc_info till the frame is left
            return session.items[i+1]
        except IndexError:
            return None

    for i, item in enumerate(session.items):
        nextitem = getnextitem(i)
        item.config.hook.pytest_runtest_protocol(item=item, nextitem=nextitem)
        if session.shouldstop:
            raise session.Interrupted(session.shouldstop)
    return True

def pytest_ignore_collect(path, config):
    p = path.dirpath()
    ignore_paths = config._getconftest_pathlist("collect_ignore", path=p)
    ignore_paths = ignore_paths or []
    excludeopt = config.getoption("ignore")
    if excludeopt:
        ignore_paths.extend([py.path.local(x) for x in excludeopt])
    return path in ignore_paths

class FSHookProxy:
    def __init__(self, fspath, pm, remove_mods):
        self.fspath = fspath = pm
        self.remove_mods = remove_mods

    def __getattr__(self, name):
        x =, remove_plugins=self.remove_mods)
        self.__dict__[name] = x
        return x

def compatproperty(name):
    def fget(self):
        # deprecated - use
        return getattr(pytest, name)

    return property(fget)

class NodeKeywords(MappingMixin):
    def __init__(self, node):
        self.node = node
        self.parent = node.parent
        self._markers = { True}

    def __getitem__(self, key):
            return self._markers[key]
        except KeyError:
            if self.parent is None:
            return self.parent.keywords[key]

    def __setitem__(self, key, value):
        self._markers[key] = value

    def __delitem__(self, key):
        raise ValueError("cannot delete key in keywords dict")

    def __iter__(self):
        seen = set(self._markers)
        if self.parent is not None:
        return iter(seen)

    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.__iter__())

    def keys(self):
        return list(self)

    def __repr__(self):
        return "<NodeKeywords for node %s>" % (self.node, )

[docs]class Node(object): """ base class for Collector and Item the test collection tree. Collector subclasses have children, Items are terminal nodes.""" def __init__(self, name, parent=None, config=None, session=None): #: a unique name within the scope of the parent node = name #: the parent collector node. self.parent = parent #: the pytest config object self.config = config or parent.config #: the session this node is part of self.session = session or parent.session #: filesystem path where this node was collected from (can be None) self.fspath = getattr(parent, 'fspath', None) #: keywords/markers collected from all scopes self.keywords = NodeKeywords(self) #: allow adding of extra keywords to use for matching self.extra_keyword_matches = set() # used for storing artificial fixturedefs for direct parametrization self._name2pseudofixturedef = {} @property def ihook(self): """ fspath sensitive hook proxy used to call pytest hooks""" return self.session.gethookproxy(self.fspath) Module = compatproperty("Module") Class = compatproperty("Class") Instance = compatproperty("Instance") Function = compatproperty("Function") File = compatproperty("File") Item = compatproperty("Item") def _getcustomclass(self, name): cls = getattr(self, name) if cls != getattr(pytest, name): py.log._apiwarn("2.0", "use of node.%s is deprecated, " "use pytest_pycollect_makeitem(...) to create custom " "collection nodes" % name) return cls def __repr__(self): return "<%s %r>" %(self.__class__.__name__, getattr(self, 'name', None))
[docs] def warn(self, code, message): """ generate a warning with the given code and message for this item. """ assert isinstance(code, str) fslocation = getattr(self, "location", None) if fslocation is None: fslocation = getattr(self, "fspath", None) else: fslocation = "%s:%s" % fslocation[:2] self.ihook.pytest_logwarning.call_historic(kwargs=dict( code=code, message=message, nodeid=self.nodeid, fslocation=fslocation))
# methods for ordering nodes @property def nodeid(self): """ a ::-separated string denoting its collection tree address. """ try: return self._nodeid except AttributeError: self._nodeid = x = self._makeid() return x def _makeid(self): return self.parent.nodeid + "::" + def __hash__(self): return hash(self.nodeid) def setup(self): pass def teardown(self): pass def _memoizedcall(self, attrname, function): exattrname = "_ex_" + attrname failure = getattr(self, exattrname, None) if failure is not None: py.builtin._reraise(failure[0], failure[1], failure[2]) if hasattr(self, attrname): return getattr(self, attrname) try: res = function() except py.builtin._sysex: raise except: failure = sys.exc_info() setattr(self, exattrname, failure) raise setattr(self, attrname, res) return res
[docs] def listchain(self): """ return list of all parent collectors up to self, starting from root of collection tree. """ chain = [] item = self while item is not None: chain.append(item) item = item.parent chain.reverse() return chain
[docs] def add_marker(self, marker): """ dynamically add a marker object to the node. ``marker`` can be a string or pytest.mark.* instance. """ from _pytest.mark import MarkDecorator if isinstance(marker, py.builtin._basestring): marker = MarkDecorator(marker) elif not isinstance(marker, MarkDecorator): raise ValueError("is not a string or pytest.mark.* Marker") self.keywords[] = marker
[docs] def get_marker(self, name): """ get a marker object from this node or None if the node doesn't have a marker with that name. """ val = self.keywords.get(name, None) if val is not None: from _pytest.mark import MarkInfo, MarkDecorator if isinstance(val, (MarkDecorator, MarkInfo)): return val
[docs] def listextrakeywords(self): """ Return a set of all extra keywords in self and any parents.""" extra_keywords = set() item = self for item in self.listchain(): extra_keywords.update(item.extra_keyword_matches) return extra_keywords
def listnames(self): return [ for x in self.listchain()]
[docs] def addfinalizer(self, fin): """ register a function to be called when this node is finalized. This method can only be called when this node is active in a setup chain, for example during self.setup(). """ self.session._setupstate.addfinalizer(fin, self)
[docs] def getparent(self, cls): """ get the next parent node (including ourself) which is an instance of the given class""" current = self while current and not isinstance(current, cls): current = current.parent return current
def _prunetraceback(self, excinfo): pass def _repr_failure_py(self, excinfo, style=None): fm = self.session._fixturemanager if excinfo.errisinstance(fm.FixtureLookupError): return excinfo.value.formatrepr() tbfilter = True if self.config.option.fulltrace: style="long" else: self._prunetraceback(excinfo) tbfilter = False # prunetraceback already does it if style == "auto": style = "long" # XXX should excinfo.getrepr record all data and toterminal() process it? if style is None: if self.config.option.tbstyle == "short": style = "short" else: style = "long" return excinfo.getrepr(funcargs=True, showlocals=self.config.option.showlocals, style=style, tbfilter=tbfilter) repr_failure = _repr_failure_py
[docs]class Collector(Node): """ Collector instances create children through collect() and thus iteratively build a tree. """
[docs] class CollectError(Exception): """ an error during collection, contains a custom message. """
[docs] def collect(self): """ returns a list of children (items and collectors) for this collection node. """ raise NotImplementedError("abstract")
[docs] def repr_failure(self, excinfo): """ represent a collection failure. """ if excinfo.errisinstance(self.CollectError): exc = excinfo.value return str(exc.args[0]) return self._repr_failure_py(excinfo, style="short")
def _memocollect(self): """ internal helper method to cache results of calling collect(). """ return self._memoizedcall('_collected', lambda: list(self.collect())) def _prunetraceback(self, excinfo): if hasattr(self, 'fspath'): traceback = excinfo.traceback ntraceback = traceback.cut(path=self.fspath) if ntraceback == traceback: ntraceback = ntraceback.cut(excludepath=tracebackcutdir) excinfo.traceback = ntraceback.filter()
class FSCollector(Collector): def __init__(self, fspath, parent=None, config=None, session=None): fspath = py.path.local(fspath) # xxx only for name = fspath.basename if parent is not None: rel = fspath.relto(parent.fspath) if rel: name = rel name = name.replace(os.sep, "/") super(FSCollector, self).__init__(name, parent, config, session) self.fspath = fspath def _makeid(self): relpath = self.fspath.relto(self.config.rootdir) if os.sep != "/": relpath = relpath.replace(os.sep, "/") return relpath class File(FSCollector): """ base class for collecting tests from a file. """
[docs]class Item(Node): """ a basic test invocation item. Note that for a single function there might be multiple test invocation items. """ nextitem = None def __init__(self, name, parent=None, config=None, session=None): super(Item, self).__init__(name, parent, config, session) self._report_sections = [] def add_report_section(self, when, key, content): if content: self._report_sections.append((when, key, content)) def reportinfo(self): return self.fspath, None, "" @property def location(self): try: return self._location except AttributeError: location = self.reportinfo() # bestrelpath is a quite slow function cache = self.config.__dict__.setdefault("_bestrelpathcache", {}) try: fspath = cache[location[0]] except KeyError: fspath = self.session.fspath.bestrelpath(location[0]) cache[location[0]] = fspath location = (fspath, location[1], str(location[2])) self._location = location return location
class NoMatch(Exception): """ raised if matching cannot locate a matching names. """ class Interrupted(KeyboardInterrupt): """ signals an interrupted test run. """ __module__ = 'builtins' # for py3 class Session(FSCollector): Interrupted = Interrupted def __init__(self, config): FSCollector.__init__(self, config.rootdir, parent=None, config=config, session=self) self._fs2hookproxy = {} self.testsfailed = 0 self.testscollected = 0 self.shouldstop = False self.trace = config.trace.root.get("collection") self._norecursepatterns = config.getini("norecursedirs") self.startdir = py.path.local() self.config.pluginmanager.register(self, name="session") def _makeid(self): return "" @pytest.hookimpl(tryfirst=True) def pytest_collectstart(self): if self.shouldstop: raise self.Interrupted(self.shouldstop) @pytest.hookimpl(tryfirst=True) def pytest_runtest_logreport(self, report): if report.failed and not hasattr(report, 'wasxfail'): self.testsfailed += 1 maxfail = self.config.getvalue("maxfail") if maxfail and self.testsfailed >= maxfail: self.shouldstop = "stopping after %d failures" % ( self.testsfailed) pytest_collectreport = pytest_runtest_logreport def isinitpath(self, path): return path in self._initialpaths def gethookproxy(self, fspath): try: return self._fs2hookproxy[fspath] except KeyError: # check if we have the common case of running # hooks with all filesall pm = self.config.pluginmanager my_conftestmodules = pm._getconftestmodules(fspath) remove_mods = pm._conftest_plugins.difference(my_conftestmodules) if remove_mods: # one or more conftests are not in use at this fspath proxy = FSHookProxy(fspath, pm, remove_mods) else: # all plugis are active for this fspath proxy = self.config.hook self._fs2hookproxy[fspath] = proxy return proxy def perform_collect(self, args=None, genitems=True): hook = self.config.hook try: items = self._perform_collect(args, genitems) hook.pytest_collection_modifyitems(session=self, config=self.config, items=items) finally: hook.pytest_collection_finish(session=self) self.testscollected = len(items) return items def _perform_collect(self, args, genitems): if args is None: args = self.config.args self.trace("perform_collect", self, args) self.trace.root.indent += 1 self._notfound = [] self._initialpaths = set() self._initialparts = [] self.items = items = [] for arg in args: parts = self._parsearg(arg) self._initialparts.append(parts) self._initialpaths.add(parts[0]) rep = collect_one_node(self) self.ihook.pytest_collectreport(report=rep) self.trace.root.indent -= 1 if self._notfound: errors = [] for arg, exc in self._notfound: line = "(no name %r in any of %r)" % (arg, exc.args[0]) errors.append("not found: %s\n%s" % (arg, line)) #XXX: test this raise pytest.UsageError(*errors) if not genitems: return rep.result else: if rep.passed: for node in rep.result: self.items.extend(self.genitems(node)) return items def collect(self): for parts in self._initialparts: arg = "::".join(map(str, parts)) self.trace("processing argument", arg) self.trace.root.indent += 1 try: for x in self._collect(arg): yield x except NoMatch: # we are inside a make_report hook so # we cannot directly pass through the exception self._notfound.append((arg, sys.exc_info()[1])) self.trace.root.indent -= 1 def _collect(self, arg): names = self._parsearg(arg) path = names.pop(0) if path.check(dir=1): assert not names, "invalid arg %r" %(arg,) for path in path.visit(fil=lambda x: x.check(file=1), rec=self._recurse, bf=True, sort=True): for x in self._collectfile(path): yield x else: assert path.check(file=1) for x in self.matchnodes(self._collectfile(path), names): yield x def _collectfile(self, path): ihook = self.gethookproxy(path) if not self.isinitpath(path): if ihook.pytest_ignore_collect(path=path, config=self.config): return () return ihook.pytest_collect_file(path=path, parent=self) def _recurse(self, path): ihook = self.gethookproxy(path.dirpath()) if ihook.pytest_ignore_collect(path=path, config=self.config): return for pat in self._norecursepatterns: if path.check(fnmatch=pat): return False ihook = self.gethookproxy(path) ihook.pytest_collect_directory(path=path, parent=self) return True def _tryconvertpyarg(self, x): mod = None path = [os.path.abspath('.')] + sys.path for name in x.split('.'): # ignore anything that's not a proper name here # else something like --pyargs will mess up '.' # since imp.find_module will actually sometimes work for it # but it's supposed to be considered a filesystem path # not a package if name_re.match(name) is None: return x try: fd, mod, type_ = imp.find_module(name, path) except ImportError: return x else: if fd is not None: fd.close() if type_[2] != imp.PKG_DIRECTORY: path = [os.path.dirname(mod)] else: path = [mod] return mod def _parsearg(self, arg): """ return (fspath, names) tuple after checking the file exists. """ arg = str(arg) if self.config.option.pyargs: arg = self._tryconvertpyarg(arg) parts = str(arg).split("::") relpath = parts[0].replace("/", os.sep) path = self.config.invocation_dir.join(relpath, abs=True) if not path.check(): if self.config.option.pyargs: msg = "file or package not found: " else: msg = "file not found: " raise pytest.UsageError(msg + arg) parts[0] = path return parts def matchnodes(self, matching, names): self.trace("matchnodes", matching, names) self.trace.root.indent += 1 nodes = self._matchnodes(matching, names) num = len(nodes) self.trace("matchnodes finished -> ", num, "nodes") self.trace.root.indent -= 1 if num == 0: raise NoMatch(matching, names[:1]) return nodes def _matchnodes(self, matching, names): if not matching or not names: return matching name = names[0] assert name nextnames = names[1:] resultnodes = [] for node in matching: if isinstance(node, pytest.Item): if not names: resultnodes.append(node) continue assert isinstance(node, pytest.Collector) rep = collect_one_node(node) if rep.passed: has_matched = False for x in rep.result: if == name: resultnodes.extend(self.matchnodes([x], nextnames)) has_matched = True # XXX accept IDs that don't have "()" for class instances if not has_matched and len(rep.result) == 1 and == "()": nextnames.insert(0, name) resultnodes.extend(self.matchnodes([x], nextnames)) node.ihook.pytest_collectreport(report=rep) return resultnodes def genitems(self, node): self.trace("genitems", node) if isinstance(node, pytest.Item): node.ihook.pytest_itemcollected(item=node) yield node else: assert isinstance(node, pytest.Collector) rep = collect_one_node(node) if rep.passed: for subnode in rep.result: for x in self.genitems(subnode): yield x node.ihook.pytest_collectreport(report=rep)