Source code for _pytest.doctest

""" discover and run doctests in modules and test files."""
import bdb
import inspect
import platform
import sys
import traceback
import warnings
from contextlib import contextmanager
from typing import Dict
from typing import List
from typing import Optional
from typing import Sequence
from typing import Tuple
from typing import Union

import py.path

import pytest
from _pytest import outcomes
from _pytest._code.code import ExceptionInfo
from _pytest._code.code import ReprFileLocation
from _pytest._code.code import TerminalRepr
from _pytest._io import TerminalWriter
from _pytest.compat import safe_getattr
from _pytest.compat import TYPE_CHECKING
from _pytest.fixtures import FixtureRequest
from _pytest.outcomes import OutcomeException
from _pytest.python_api import approx
from _pytest.warning_types import PytestWarning

if TYPE_CHECKING:
    import doctest
    from typing import Type

DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_NONE = "none"
DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_CDIFF = "cdiff"
DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_NDIFF = "ndiff"
DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_UDIFF = "udiff"
DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE = "only_first_failure"

DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICES = (
    DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_NONE,
    DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_CDIFF,
    DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_NDIFF,
    DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_UDIFF,
    DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE,
)

# Lazy definition of runner class
RUNNER_CLASS = None
# Lazy definition of output checker class
CHECKER_CLASS = None  # type: Optional[Type[doctest.OutputChecker]]


def pytest_addoption(parser):
    parser.addini(
        "doctest_optionflags",
        "option flags for doctests",
        type="args",
        default=["ELLIPSIS"],
    )
    parser.addini(
        "doctest_encoding", "encoding used for doctest files", default="utf-8"
    )
    group = parser.getgroup("collect")
    group.addoption(
        "--doctest-modules",
        action="store_true",
        default=False,
        help="run doctests in all .py modules",
        dest="doctestmodules",
    )
    group.addoption(
        "--doctest-report",
        type=str.lower,
        default="udiff",
        help="choose another output format for diffs on doctest failure",
        choices=DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICES,
        dest="doctestreport",
    )
    group.addoption(
        "--doctest-glob",
        action="append",
        default=[],
        metavar="pat",
        help="doctests file matching pattern, default: test*.txt",
        dest="doctestglob",
    )
    group.addoption(
        "--doctest-ignore-import-errors",
        action="store_true",
        default=False,
        help="ignore doctest ImportErrors",
        dest="doctest_ignore_import_errors",
    )
    group.addoption(
        "--doctest-continue-on-failure",
        action="store_true",
        default=False,
        help="for a given doctest, continue to run after the first failure",
        dest="doctest_continue_on_failure",
    )


def pytest_unconfigure():
    global RUNNER_CLASS

    RUNNER_CLASS = None


def pytest_collect_file(path: py.path.local, parent):
    config = parent.config
    if path.ext == ".py":
        if config.option.doctestmodules and not _is_setup_py(path):
            return DoctestModule.from_parent(parent, fspath=path)
    elif _is_doctest(config, path, parent):
        return DoctestTextfile.from_parent(parent, fspath=path)


def _is_setup_py(path: py.path.local) -> bool:
    if path.basename != "setup.py":
        return False
    contents = path.read_binary()
    return b"setuptools" in contents or b"distutils" in contents


def _is_doctest(config, path, parent):
    if path.ext in (".txt", ".rst") and parent.session.isinitpath(path):
        return True
    globs = config.getoption("doctestglob") or ["test*.txt"]
    for glob in globs:
        if path.check(fnmatch=glob):
            return True
    return False


class ReprFailDoctest(TerminalRepr):
    def __init__(
        self, reprlocation_lines: Sequence[Tuple[ReprFileLocation, Sequence[str]]]
    ):
        self.reprlocation_lines = reprlocation_lines

    def toterminal(self, tw: TerminalWriter) -> None:
        for reprlocation, lines in self.reprlocation_lines:
            for line in lines:
                tw.line(line)
            reprlocation.toterminal(tw)


class MultipleDoctestFailures(Exception):
    def __init__(self, failures):
        super().__init__()
        self.failures = failures


def _init_runner_class() -> "Type[doctest.DocTestRunner]":
    import doctest

    class PytestDoctestRunner(doctest.DebugRunner):
        """
        Runner to collect failures.  Note that the out variable in this case is
        a list instead of a stdout-like object
        """

        def __init__(
            self, checker=None, verbose=None, optionflags=0, continue_on_failure=True
        ):
            doctest.DebugRunner.__init__(
                self, checker=checker, verbose=verbose, optionflags=optionflags
            )
            self.continue_on_failure = continue_on_failure

        def report_failure(self, out, test, example, got):
            failure = doctest.DocTestFailure(test, example, got)
            if self.continue_on_failure:
                out.append(failure)
            else:
                raise failure

        def report_unexpected_exception(self, out, test, example, exc_info):
            if isinstance(exc_info[1], OutcomeException):
                raise exc_info[1]
            if isinstance(exc_info[1], bdb.BdbQuit):
                outcomes.exit("Quitting debugger")
            failure = doctest.UnexpectedException(test, example, exc_info)
            if self.continue_on_failure:
                out.append(failure)
            else:
                raise failure

    return PytestDoctestRunner


def _get_runner(
    checker: Optional["doctest.OutputChecker"] = None,
    verbose: Optional[bool] = None,
    optionflags: int = 0,
    continue_on_failure: bool = True,
) -> "doctest.DocTestRunner":
    # We need this in order to do a lazy import on doctest
    global RUNNER_CLASS
    if RUNNER_CLASS is None:
        RUNNER_CLASS = _init_runner_class()
    # Type ignored because the continue_on_failure argument is only defined on
    # PytestDoctestRunner, which is lazily defined so can't be used as a type.
    return RUNNER_CLASS(  # type: ignore
        checker=checker,
        verbose=verbose,
        optionflags=optionflags,
        continue_on_failure=continue_on_failure,
    )


class DoctestItem(pytest.Item):
    def __init__(self, name, parent, runner=None, dtest=None):
        super().__init__(name, parent)
        self.runner = runner
        self.dtest = dtest
        self.obj = None
        self.fixture_request = None

    @classmethod
    def from_parent(  # type: ignore
        cls, parent: "Union[DoctestTextfile, DoctestModule]", *, name, runner, dtest
    ):
        # incompatible signature due to to imposed limits on sublcass
        """
        the public named constructor
        """
        return super().from_parent(name=name, parent=parent, runner=runner, dtest=dtest)

    def setup(self):
        if self.dtest is not None:
            self.fixture_request = _setup_fixtures(self)
            globs = dict(getfixture=self.fixture_request.getfixturevalue)
            for name, value in self.fixture_request.getfixturevalue(
                "doctest_namespace"
            ).items():
                globs[name] = value
            self.dtest.globs.update(globs)

    def runtest(self) -> None:
        _check_all_skipped(self.dtest)
        self._disable_output_capturing_for_darwin()
        failures = []  # type: List[doctest.DocTestFailure]
        self.runner.run(self.dtest, out=failures)
        if failures:
            raise MultipleDoctestFailures(failures)

    def _disable_output_capturing_for_darwin(self):
        """
        Disable output capturing. Otherwise, stdout is lost to doctest (#985)
        """
        if platform.system() != "Darwin":
            return
        capman = self.config.pluginmanager.getplugin("capturemanager")
        if capman:
            capman.suspend_global_capture(in_=True)
            out, err = capman.read_global_capture()
            sys.stdout.write(out)
            sys.stderr.write(err)

    def repr_failure(self, excinfo):
        import doctest

        failures = (
            None
        )  # type: Optional[List[Union[doctest.DocTestFailure, doctest.UnexpectedException]]]
        if excinfo.errisinstance((doctest.DocTestFailure, doctest.UnexpectedException)):
            failures = [excinfo.value]
        elif excinfo.errisinstance(MultipleDoctestFailures):
            failures = excinfo.value.failures

        if failures is not None:
            reprlocation_lines = []
            for failure in failures:
                example = failure.example
                test = failure.test
                filename = test.filename
                if test.lineno is None:
                    lineno = None
                else:
                    lineno = test.lineno + example.lineno + 1
                message = type(failure).__name__
                reprlocation = ReprFileLocation(filename, lineno, message)
                checker = _get_checker()
                report_choice = _get_report_choice(
                    self.config.getoption("doctestreport")
                )
                if lineno is not None:
                    assert failure.test.docstring is not None
                    lines = failure.test.docstring.splitlines(False)
                    # add line numbers to the left of the error message
                    assert test.lineno is not None
                    lines = [
                        "%03d %s" % (i + test.lineno + 1, x)
                        for (i, x) in enumerate(lines)
                    ]
                    # trim docstring error lines to 10
                    lines = lines[max(example.lineno - 9, 0) : example.lineno + 1]
                else:
                    lines = [
                        "EXAMPLE LOCATION UNKNOWN, not showing all tests of that example"
                    ]
                    indent = ">>>"
                    for line in example.source.splitlines():
                        lines.append("??? {} {}".format(indent, line))
                        indent = "..."
                if isinstance(failure, doctest.DocTestFailure):
                    lines += checker.output_difference(
                        example, failure.got, report_choice
                    ).split("\n")
                else:
                    inner_excinfo = ExceptionInfo(failure.exc_info)
                    lines += ["UNEXPECTED EXCEPTION: %s" % repr(inner_excinfo.value)]
                    lines += [
                        x.strip("\n")
                        for x in traceback.format_exception(*failure.exc_info)
                    ]
                reprlocation_lines.append((reprlocation, lines))
            return ReprFailDoctest(reprlocation_lines)
        else:
            return super().repr_failure(excinfo)

    def reportinfo(self) -> Tuple[py.path.local, int, str]:
        return self.fspath, self.dtest.lineno, "[doctest] %s" % self.name


def _get_flag_lookup() -> Dict[str, int]:
    import doctest

    return dict(
        DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1=doctest.DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1,
        DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE=doctest.DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE,
        NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE=doctest.NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE,
        ELLIPSIS=doctest.ELLIPSIS,
        IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL=doctest.IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL,
        COMPARISON_FLAGS=doctest.COMPARISON_FLAGS,
        ALLOW_UNICODE=_get_allow_unicode_flag(),
        ALLOW_BYTES=_get_allow_bytes_flag(),
        NUMBER=_get_number_flag(),
    )


def get_optionflags(parent):
    optionflags_str = parent.config.getini("doctest_optionflags")
    flag_lookup_table = _get_flag_lookup()
    flag_acc = 0
    for flag in optionflags_str:
        flag_acc |= flag_lookup_table[flag]
    return flag_acc


def _get_continue_on_failure(config):
    continue_on_failure = config.getvalue("doctest_continue_on_failure")
    if continue_on_failure:
        # We need to turn off this if we use pdb since we should stop at
        # the first failure
        if config.getvalue("usepdb"):
            continue_on_failure = False
    return continue_on_failure


class DoctestTextfile(pytest.Module):
    obj = None

    def collect(self):
        import doctest

        # inspired by doctest.testfile; ideally we would use it directly,
        # but it doesn't support passing a custom checker
        encoding = self.config.getini("doctest_encoding")
        text = self.fspath.read_text(encoding)
        filename = str(self.fspath)
        name = self.fspath.basename
        globs = {"__name__": "__main__"}

        optionflags = get_optionflags(self)

        runner = _get_runner(
            verbose=False,
            optionflags=optionflags,
            checker=_get_checker(),
            continue_on_failure=_get_continue_on_failure(self.config),
        )

        parser = doctest.DocTestParser()
        test = parser.get_doctest(text, globs, name, filename, 0)
        if test.examples:
            yield DoctestItem.from_parent(
                self, name=test.name, runner=runner, dtest=test
            )


def _check_all_skipped(test):
    """raises pytest.skip() if all examples in the given DocTest have the SKIP
    option set.
    """
    import doctest

    all_skipped = all(x.options.get(doctest.SKIP, False) for x in test.examples)
    if all_skipped:
        pytest.skip("all tests skipped by +SKIP option")


def _is_mocked(obj):
    """
    returns if a object is possibly a mock object by checking the existence of a highly improbable attribute
    """
    return (
        safe_getattr(obj, "pytest_mock_example_attribute_that_shouldnt_exist", None)
        is not None
    )


@contextmanager
def _patch_unwrap_mock_aware():
    """
    contextmanager which replaces ``inspect.unwrap`` with a version
    that's aware of mock objects and doesn't recurse on them
    """
    real_unwrap = inspect.unwrap

    def _mock_aware_unwrap(obj, stop=None):
        try:
            if stop is None or stop is _is_mocked:
                return real_unwrap(obj, stop=_is_mocked)
            return real_unwrap(obj, stop=lambda obj: _is_mocked(obj) or stop(obj))
        except Exception as e:
            warnings.warn(
                "Got %r when unwrapping %r.  This is usually caused "
                "by a violation of Python's object protocol; see e.g. "
                "https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/5080" % (e, obj),
                PytestWarning,
            )
            raise

    inspect.unwrap = _mock_aware_unwrap
    try:
        yield
    finally:
        inspect.unwrap = real_unwrap


class DoctestModule(pytest.Module):
    def collect(self):
        import doctest

        class MockAwareDocTestFinder(doctest.DocTestFinder):
            """
            a hackish doctest finder that overrides stdlib internals to fix a stdlib bug

            https://github.com/pytest-dev/pytest/issues/3456
            https://bugs.python.org/issue25532
            """

            def _find_lineno(self, obj, source_lines):
                """
                Doctest code does not take into account `@property`, this is a hackish way to fix it.

                https://bugs.python.org/issue17446
                """
                if isinstance(obj, property):
                    obj = getattr(obj, "fget", obj)
                return doctest.DocTestFinder._find_lineno(self, obj, source_lines)

            def _find(
                self, tests, obj, name, module, source_lines, globs, seen
            ) -> None:
                if _is_mocked(obj):
                    return
                with _patch_unwrap_mock_aware():

                    # Type ignored because this is a private function.
                    doctest.DocTestFinder._find(  # type: ignore
                        self, tests, obj, name, module, source_lines, globs, seen
                    )

        if self.fspath.basename == "conftest.py":
            module = self.config.pluginmanager._importconftest(self.fspath)
        else:
            try:
                module = self.fspath.pyimport()
            except ImportError:
                if self.config.getvalue("doctest_ignore_import_errors"):
                    pytest.skip("unable to import module %r" % self.fspath)
                else:
                    raise
        # uses internal doctest module parsing mechanism
        finder = MockAwareDocTestFinder()
        optionflags = get_optionflags(self)
        runner = _get_runner(
            verbose=False,
            optionflags=optionflags,
            checker=_get_checker(),
            continue_on_failure=_get_continue_on_failure(self.config),
        )

        for test in finder.find(module, module.__name__):
            if test.examples:  # skip empty doctests
                yield DoctestItem.from_parent(
                    self, name=test.name, runner=runner, dtest=test
                )


def _setup_fixtures(doctest_item):
    """
    Used by DoctestTextfile and DoctestItem to setup fixture information.
    """

    def func():
        pass

    doctest_item.funcargs = {}
    fm = doctest_item.session._fixturemanager
    doctest_item._fixtureinfo = fm.getfixtureinfo(
        node=doctest_item, func=func, cls=None, funcargs=False
    )
    fixture_request = FixtureRequest(doctest_item)
    fixture_request._fillfixtures()
    return fixture_request


def _init_checker_class() -> "Type[doctest.OutputChecker]":
    import doctest
    import re

    class LiteralsOutputChecker(doctest.OutputChecker):
        """
        Based on doctest_nose_plugin.py from the nltk project
        (https://github.com/nltk/nltk) and on the "numtest" doctest extension
        by Sebastien Boisgerault (https://github.com/boisgera/numtest).
        """

        _unicode_literal_re = re.compile(r"(\W|^)[uU]([rR]?[\'\"])", re.UNICODE)
        _bytes_literal_re = re.compile(r"(\W|^)[bB]([rR]?[\'\"])", re.UNICODE)
        _number_re = re.compile(
            r"""
            (?P<number>
              (?P<mantissa>
                (?P<integer1> [+-]?\d*)\.(?P<fraction>\d+)
                |
                (?P<integer2> [+-]?\d+)\.
              )
              (?:
                [Ee]
                (?P<exponent1> [+-]?\d+)
              )?
              |
              (?P<integer3> [+-]?\d+)
              (?:
                [Ee]
                (?P<exponent2> [+-]?\d+)
              )
            )
            """,
            re.VERBOSE,
        )

        def check_output(self, want, got, optionflags):
            if doctest.OutputChecker.check_output(self, want, got, optionflags):
                return True

            allow_unicode = optionflags & _get_allow_unicode_flag()
            allow_bytes = optionflags & _get_allow_bytes_flag()
            allow_number = optionflags & _get_number_flag()

            if not allow_unicode and not allow_bytes and not allow_number:
                return False

            def remove_prefixes(regex, txt):
                return re.sub(regex, r"\1\2", txt)

            if allow_unicode:
                want = remove_prefixes(self._unicode_literal_re, want)
                got = remove_prefixes(self._unicode_literal_re, got)

            if allow_bytes:
                want = remove_prefixes(self._bytes_literal_re, want)
                got = remove_prefixes(self._bytes_literal_re, got)

            if allow_number:
                got = self._remove_unwanted_precision(want, got)

            return doctest.OutputChecker.check_output(self, want, got, optionflags)

        def _remove_unwanted_precision(self, want, got):
            wants = list(self._number_re.finditer(want))
            gots = list(self._number_re.finditer(got))
            if len(wants) != len(gots):
                return got
            offset = 0
            for w, g in zip(wants, gots):
                fraction = w.group("fraction")
                exponent = w.group("exponent1")
                if exponent is None:
                    exponent = w.group("exponent2")
                if fraction is None:
                    precision = 0
                else:
                    precision = len(fraction)
                if exponent is not None:
                    precision -= int(exponent)
                if float(w.group()) == approx(float(g.group()), abs=10 ** -precision):
                    # They're close enough. Replace the text we actually
                    # got with the text we want, so that it will match when we
                    # check the string literally.
                    got = (
                        got[: g.start() + offset] + w.group() + got[g.end() + offset :]
                    )
                    offset += w.end() - w.start() - (g.end() - g.start())
            return got

    return LiteralsOutputChecker


def _get_checker() -> "doctest.OutputChecker":
    """
    Returns a doctest.OutputChecker subclass that supports some
    additional options:

    * ALLOW_UNICODE and ALLOW_BYTES options to ignore u'' and b''
      prefixes (respectively) in string literals. Useful when the same
      doctest should run in Python 2 and Python 3.

    * NUMBER to ignore floating-point differences smaller than the
      precision of the literal number in the doctest.

    An inner class is used to avoid importing "doctest" at the module
    level.
    """
    global CHECKER_CLASS
    if CHECKER_CLASS is None:
        CHECKER_CLASS = _init_checker_class()
    return CHECKER_CLASS()


def _get_allow_unicode_flag() -> int:
    """
    Registers and returns the ALLOW_UNICODE flag.
    """
    import doctest

    return doctest.register_optionflag("ALLOW_UNICODE")


def _get_allow_bytes_flag() -> int:
    """
    Registers and returns the ALLOW_BYTES flag.
    """
    import doctest

    return doctest.register_optionflag("ALLOW_BYTES")


def _get_number_flag() -> int:
    """
    Registers and returns the NUMBER flag.
    """
    import doctest

    return doctest.register_optionflag("NUMBER")


def _get_report_choice(key: str) -> int:
    """
    This function returns the actual `doctest` module flag value, we want to do it as late as possible to avoid
    importing `doctest` and all its dependencies when parsing options, as it adds overhead and breaks tests.
    """
    import doctest

    return {
        DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_UDIFF: doctest.REPORT_UDIFF,
        DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_CDIFF: doctest.REPORT_CDIFF,
        DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_NDIFF: doctest.REPORT_NDIFF,
        DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE: doctest.REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE,
        DOCTEST_REPORT_CHOICE_NONE: 0,
    }[key]


[docs]@pytest.fixture(scope="session") def doctest_namespace(): """ Fixture that returns a :py:class:`dict` that will be injected into the namespace of doctests. """ return dict()