Source code for _pytest.python

# mypy: allow-untyped-defs
"""Python test discovery, setup and run of test functions."""

import abc
from collections import Counter
from collections import defaultdict
import dataclasses
import enum
import fnmatch
from functools import partial
import inspect
import itertools
import os
from pathlib import Path
import types
from typing import Any
from typing import Callable
from typing import Dict
from typing import final
from typing import Generator
from typing import Iterable
from typing import Iterator
from typing import List
from typing import Literal
from typing import Mapping
from typing import Optional
from typing import Pattern
from typing import Sequence
from typing import Set
from typing import Tuple
from typing import TYPE_CHECKING
from typing import Union
import warnings

import _pytest
from _pytest import fixtures
from _pytest import nodes
from _pytest._code import filter_traceback
from _pytest._code import getfslineno
from _pytest._code.code import ExceptionInfo
from _pytest._code.code import TerminalRepr
from _pytest._code.code import Traceback
from _pytest._io.saferepr import saferepr
from _pytest.compat import ascii_escaped
from _pytest.compat import get_default_arg_names
from _pytest.compat import get_real_func
from _pytest.compat import getimfunc
from _pytest.compat import is_async_function
from _pytest.compat import is_generator
from _pytest.compat import LEGACY_PATH
from _pytest.compat import NOTSET
from _pytest.compat import safe_getattr
from _pytest.compat import safe_isclass
from _pytest.config import Config
from _pytest.config import hookimpl
from _pytest.config.argparsing import Parser
from _pytest.deprecated import check_ispytest
from _pytest.fixtures import FixtureDef
from _pytest.fixtures import FixtureRequest
from _pytest.fixtures import FuncFixtureInfo
from _pytest.fixtures import get_scope_node
from _pytest.main import Session
from _pytest.mark import MARK_GEN
from _pytest.mark import ParameterSet
from _pytest.mark.structures import get_unpacked_marks
from _pytest.mark.structures import Mark
from _pytest.mark.structures import MarkDecorator
from _pytest.mark.structures import normalize_mark_list
from _pytest.outcomes import fail
from _pytest.outcomes import skip
from _pytest.pathlib import fnmatch_ex
from _pytest.pathlib import import_path
from _pytest.pathlib import ImportPathMismatchError
from _pytest.pathlib import scandir
from _pytest.scope import _ScopeName
from _pytest.scope import Scope
from _pytest.stash import StashKey
from _pytest.warning_types import PytestCollectionWarning
from _pytest.warning_types import PytestReturnNotNoneWarning
from _pytest.warning_types import PytestUnhandledCoroutineWarning

    from typing import Self

def pytest_addoption(parser: Parser) -> None:
        # NOTE: default is also used in AssertionRewritingHook.
        default=["test_*.py", "*"],
        help="Glob-style file patterns for Python test module discovery",
        help="Prefixes or glob names for Python test class discovery",
        help="Prefixes or glob names for Python test function and method discovery",
        help="Disable string escape non-ASCII characters, might cause unwanted "
        "side effects(use at your own risk)",

def pytest_generate_tests(metafunc: "Metafunc") -> None:
    for marker in metafunc.definition.iter_markers(name="parametrize"):
        metafunc.parametrize(*marker.args, **marker.kwargs, _param_mark=marker)

def pytest_configure(config: Config) -> None:
        "parametrize(argnames, argvalues): call a test function multiple "
        "times passing in different arguments in turn. argvalues generally "
        "needs to be a list of values if argnames specifies only one name "
        "or a list of tuples of values if argnames specifies multiple names. "
        "Example: @parametrize('arg1', [1,2]) would lead to two calls of the "
        "decorated test function, one with arg1=1 and another with arg1=2."
        "see for more info "
        "and examples.",
        "usefixtures(fixturename1, fixturename2, ...): mark tests as needing "
        "all of the specified fixtures. see "
        " ",

def async_warn_and_skip(nodeid: str) -> None:
    msg = "async def functions are not natively supported and have been skipped.\n"
    msg += (
        "You need to install a suitable plugin for your async framework, for example:\n"
    msg += "  - anyio\n"
    msg += "  - pytest-asyncio\n"
    msg += "  - pytest-tornasync\n"
    msg += "  - pytest-trio\n"
    msg += "  - pytest-twisted"
    skip(reason="async def function and no async plugin installed (see warnings)")

def pytest_pyfunc_call(pyfuncitem: "Function") -> Optional[object]:
    testfunction = pyfuncitem.obj
    if is_async_function(testfunction):
    funcargs = pyfuncitem.funcargs
    testargs = {arg: funcargs[arg] for arg in pyfuncitem._fixtureinfo.argnames}
    result = testfunction(**testargs)
    if hasattr(result, "__await__") or hasattr(result, "__aiter__"):
    elif result is not None:
                f"Expected None, but {pyfuncitem.nodeid} returned {result!r}, which will be an error in a "
                "future version of pytest.  Did you mean to use `assert` instead of `return`?"
    return True

def pytest_collect_directory(
    path: Path, parent: nodes.Collector
) -> Optional[nodes.Collector]:
    pkginit = path / ""
        has_pkginit = pkginit.is_file()
    except PermissionError:
        # See
        return None
    if has_pkginit:
        return Package.from_parent(parent, path=path)
    return None

def pytest_collect_file(file_path: Path, parent: nodes.Collector) -> Optional["Module"]:
    if file_path.suffix == ".py":
        if not parent.session.isinitpath(file_path):
            if not path_matches_patterns(
                file_path, parent.config.getini("python_files")
                return None
        ihook = parent.session.gethookproxy(file_path)
        module: Module = ihook.pytest_pycollect_makemodule(
            module_path=file_path, parent=parent
        return module
    return None

def path_matches_patterns(path: Path, patterns: Iterable[str]) -> bool:
    """Return whether path matches any of the patterns in the list of globs given."""
    return any(fnmatch_ex(pattern, path) for pattern in patterns)

def pytest_pycollect_makemodule(module_path: Path, parent) -> "Module":
    return Module.from_parent(parent, path=module_path)

def pytest_pycollect_makeitem(
    collector: Union["Module", "Class"], name: str, obj: object
) -> Union[None, nodes.Item, nodes.Collector, List[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]]]:
    assert isinstance(collector, (Class, Module)), type(collector)
    # Nothing was collected elsewhere, let's do it here.
    if safe_isclass(obj):
        if collector.istestclass(obj, name):
            return Class.from_parent(collector, name=name, obj=obj)
    elif collector.istestfunction(obj, name):
        # mock seems to store unbound methods (issue473), normalize it.
        obj = getattr(obj, "__func__", obj)
        # We need to try and unwrap the function if it's a functools.partial
        # or a functools.wrapped.
        # We mustn't if it's been wrapped with mock.patch (python 2 only).
        if not (inspect.isfunction(obj) or inspect.isfunction(get_real_func(obj))):
            filename, lineno = getfslineno(obj)
                    "cannot collect %r because it is not a function." % name
                lineno=lineno + 1,
        elif getattr(obj, "__test__", True):
            if is_generator(obj):
                res = Function.from_parent(collector, name=name)
                reason = (
                    f"yield tests were removed in pytest 4.0 - {name} will be ignored"
                res.add_marker(MARK_GEN.xfail(run=False, reason=reason))
                return res
                return list(collector._genfunctions(name, obj))
    return None

class PyobjMixin(nodes.Node):
    """this mix-in inherits from Node to carry over the typing information

    as its intended to always mix in before a node
    its position in the mro is unaffected"""


    def module(self):
        """Python module object this node was collected from (can be None)."""
        node = self.getparent(Module)
        return node.obj if node is not None else None

    def cls(self):
        """Python class object this node was collected from (can be None)."""
        node = self.getparent(Class)
        return node.obj if node is not None else None

    def instance(self):
        """Python instance object the function is bound to.

        Returns None if not a test method, e.g. for a standalone test function,
        a class or a module.
        # Overridden by Function.
        return None

    def obj(self):
        """Underlying Python object."""
        obj = getattr(self, "_obj", None)
        if obj is None:
            self._obj = obj = self._getobj()
            # XXX evil hack
            # used to avoid Function marker duplication
            if self._ALLOW_MARKERS:
                # This assumes that `obj` is called before there is a chance
                # to add custom keys to `self.keywords`, so no fear of overriding.
                self.keywords.update((, mark) for mark in self.own_markers)
        return obj

    def obj(self, value):
        self._obj = value

    def _getobj(self):
        """Get the underlying Python object. May be overwritten by subclasses."""
        # TODO: Improve the type of `parent` such that assert/ignore aren't needed.
        assert self.parent is not None
        obj = self.parent.obj  # type: ignore[attr-defined]
        return getattr(obj,

    def getmodpath(self, stopatmodule: bool = True, includemodule: bool = False) -> str:
        """Return Python path relative to the containing module."""
        parts = []
        for node in self.iter_parents():
            name =
            if isinstance(node, Module):
                name = os.path.splitext(name)[0]
                if stopatmodule:
                    if includemodule:
        return ".".join(parts)

    def reportinfo(self) -> Tuple[Union["os.PathLike[str]", str], Optional[int], str]:
        # XXX caching?
        path, lineno = getfslineno(self.obj)
        modpath = self.getmodpath()
        return path, lineno, modpath

# As an optimization, these builtin attribute names are pre-ignored when
# iterating over an object during collection -- the pytest_pycollect_makeitem
# hook is not called for them.
# fmt: off
class _EmptyClass: pass  # noqa: E701
IGNORED_ATTRIBUTES = frozenset.union(
    # Module.
    # Some extra module attributes the above doesn't catch.
    {"__builtins__", "__file__", "__cached__"},
    # Class.
    # Instance.
del _EmptyClass
# fmt: on

class PyCollector(PyobjMixin, nodes.Collector, abc.ABC):
    def funcnamefilter(self, name: str) -> bool:
        return self._matches_prefix_or_glob_option("python_functions", name)

    def isnosetest(self, obj: object) -> bool:
        """Look for the __test__ attribute, which is applied by the decorator.
        # We explicitly check for "is True" here to not mistakenly treat
        # classes with a custom __getattr__ returning something truthy (like a
        # function) as test classes.
        return safe_getattr(obj, "__test__", False) is True

    def classnamefilter(self, name: str) -> bool:
        return self._matches_prefix_or_glob_option("python_classes", name)

    def istestfunction(self, obj: object, name: str) -> bool:
        if self.funcnamefilter(name) or self.isnosetest(obj):
            if isinstance(obj, (staticmethod, classmethod)):
                # staticmethods and classmethods need to be unwrapped.
                obj = safe_getattr(obj, "__func__", False)
            return callable(obj) and fixtures.getfixturemarker(obj) is None
            return False

    def istestclass(self, obj: object, name: str) -> bool:
        return self.classnamefilter(name) or self.isnosetest(obj)

    def _matches_prefix_or_glob_option(self, option_name: str, name: str) -> bool:
        """Check if the given name matches the prefix or glob-pattern defined
        in ini configuration."""
        for option in self.config.getini(option_name):
            if name.startswith(option):
                return True
            # Check that name looks like a glob-string before calling fnmatch
            # because this is called for every name in each collected module,
            # and fnmatch is somewhat expensive to call.
            elif ("*" in option or "?" in option or "[" in option) and fnmatch.fnmatch(
                name, option
                return True
        return False

    def collect(self) -> Iterable[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]]:
        if not getattr(self.obj, "__test__", True):
            return []

        # Avoid random getattrs and peek in the __dict__ instead.
        dicts = [getattr(self.obj, "__dict__", {})]
        if isinstance(self.obj, type):
            for basecls in self.obj.__mro__:

        # In each class, nodes should be definition ordered.
        # __dict__ is definition ordered.
        seen: Set[str] = set()
        dict_values: List[List[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]]] = []
        ihook = self.ihook
        for dic in dicts:
            values: List[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]] = []
            # Note: seems like the dict can change during iteration -
            # be careful not to remove the list() without consideration.
            for name, obj in list(dic.items()):
                if name in IGNORED_ATTRIBUTES:
                if name in seen:
                res = ihook.pytest_pycollect_makeitem(
                    collector=self, name=name, obj=obj
                if res is None:
                elif isinstance(res, list):

        # Between classes in the class hierarchy, reverse-MRO order -- nodes
        # inherited from base classes should come before subclasses.
        result = []
        for values in reversed(dict_values):
        return result

    def _genfunctions(self, name: str, funcobj) -> Iterator["Function"]:
        modulecol = self.getparent(Module)
        assert modulecol is not None
        module = modulecol.obj
        clscol = self.getparent(Class)
        cls = clscol and clscol.obj or None

        definition = FunctionDefinition.from_parent(self, name=name, callobj=funcobj)
        fixtureinfo = definition._fixtureinfo

        # pytest_generate_tests impls call metafunc.parametrize() which fills
        # metafunc._calls, the outcome of the hook.
        metafunc = Metafunc(
        methods = []
        if hasattr(module, "pytest_generate_tests"):
        if cls is not None and hasattr(cls, "pytest_generate_tests"):
        self.ihook.pytest_generate_tests.call_extra(methods, dict(metafunc=metafunc))

        if not metafunc._calls:
            yield Function.from_parent(self, name=name, fixtureinfo=fixtureinfo)
            # Direct parametrizations taking place in module/class-specific
            # `metafunc.parametrize` calls may have shadowed some fixtures, so make sure
            # we update what the function really needs a.k.a its fixture closure. Note that
            # direct parametrizations using `@pytest.mark.parametrize` have already been considered
            # into making the closure using `ignore_args` arg to `getfixtureclosure`.

            for callspec in metafunc._calls:
                subname = f"{name}[{}]"
                yield Function.from_parent(
                    keywords={ True},

def importtestmodule(
    path: Path,
    config: Config,
    # We assume we are only called once per module.
    importmode = config.getoption("--import-mode")
        mod = import_path(
    except SyntaxError as e:
        raise nodes.Collector.CollectError(
        ) from e
    except ImportPathMismatchError as e:
        raise nodes.Collector.CollectError(
            "import file mismatch:\n"
            "imported module {!r} has this __file__ attribute:\n"
            "  {}\n"
            "which is not the same as the test file we want to collect:\n"
            "  {}\n"
            "HINT: remove __pycache__ / .pyc files and/or use a "
            "unique basename for your test file modules".format(*e.args)
        ) from e
    except ImportError as e:
        exc_info = ExceptionInfo.from_current()
        if config.getoption("verbose") < 2:
            exc_info.traceback = exc_info.traceback.filter(filter_traceback)
        exc_repr = (
            if exc_info.traceback
            else exc_info.exconly()
        formatted_tb = str(exc_repr)
        raise nodes.Collector.CollectError(
            f"ImportError while importing test module '{path}'.\n"
            "Hint: make sure your test modules/packages have valid Python names.\n"
        ) from e
    except skip.Exception as e:
        if e.allow_module_level:
        raise nodes.Collector.CollectError(
            "Using pytest.skip outside of a test will skip the entire module. "
            "If that's your intention, pass `allow_module_level=True`. "
            "If you want to skip a specific test or an entire class, "
            "use the @pytest.mark.skip or @pytest.mark.skipif decorators."
        ) from e
    return mod

[docs] class Module(nodes.File, PyCollector): """Collector for test classes and functions in a Python module.""" def _getobj(self): return importtestmodule(self.path, self.config)
[docs] def collect(self) -> Iterable[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]]: self._register_setup_module_fixture() self._register_setup_function_fixture() self.session._fixturemanager.parsefactories(self) return super().collect()
def _register_setup_module_fixture(self) -> None: """Register an autouse, module-scoped fixture for the collected module object that invokes setUpModule/tearDownModule if either or both are available. Using a fixture to invoke this methods ensures we play nicely and unsurprisingly with other fixtures (#517). """ setup_module = _get_first_non_fixture_func( self.obj, ("setUpModule", "setup_module") ) teardown_module = _get_first_non_fixture_func( self.obj, ("tearDownModule", "teardown_module") ) if setup_module is None and teardown_module is None: return def xunit_setup_module_fixture(request) -> Generator[None, None, None]: module = request.module if setup_module is not None: _call_with_optional_argument(setup_module, module) yield if teardown_module is not None: _call_with_optional_argument(teardown_module, module) self.session._fixturemanager._register_fixture( # Use a unique name to speed up lookup. name=f"_xunit_setup_module_fixture_{self.obj.__name__}", func=xunit_setup_module_fixture, nodeid=self.nodeid, scope="module", autouse=True, ) def _register_setup_function_fixture(self) -> None: """Register an autouse, function-scoped fixture for the collected module object that invokes setup_function/teardown_function if either or both are available. Using a fixture to invoke this methods ensures we play nicely and unsurprisingly with other fixtures (#517). """ setup_function = _get_first_non_fixture_func(self.obj, ("setup_function",)) teardown_function = _get_first_non_fixture_func( self.obj, ("teardown_function",) ) if setup_function is None and teardown_function is None: return def xunit_setup_function_fixture(request) -> Generator[None, None, None]: if request.instance is not None: # in this case we are bound to an instance, so we need to let # setup_method handle this yield return function = request.function if setup_function is not None: _call_with_optional_argument(setup_function, function) yield if teardown_function is not None: _call_with_optional_argument(teardown_function, function) self.session._fixturemanager._register_fixture( # Use a unique name to speed up lookup. name=f"_xunit_setup_function_fixture_{self.obj.__name__}", func=xunit_setup_function_fixture, nodeid=self.nodeid, scope="function", autouse=True, )
[docs] class Package(nodes.Directory): """Collector for files and directories in a Python packages -- directories with an `` file. .. note:: Directories without an `` file are instead collected by :class:`~pytest.Dir` by default. Both are :class:`~pytest.Directory` collectors. .. versionchanged:: 8.0 Now inherits from :class:`~pytest.Directory`. """ def __init__( self, fspath: Optional[LEGACY_PATH], parent: nodes.Collector, # NOTE: following args are unused: config=None, session=None, nodeid=None, path: Optional[Path] = None, ) -> None: # NOTE: Could be just the following, but kept as-is for compat. # super().__init__(self, fspath, parent=parent) session = parent.session super().__init__( fspath=fspath, path=path, parent=parent, config=config, session=session, nodeid=nodeid, ) def setup(self) -> None: init_mod = importtestmodule(self.path / "", self.config) # Not using fixtures to call setup_module here because autouse fixtures # from packages are not called automatically (#4085). setup_module = _get_first_non_fixture_func( init_mod, ("setUpModule", "setup_module") ) if setup_module is not None: _call_with_optional_argument(setup_module, init_mod) teardown_module = _get_first_non_fixture_func( init_mod, ("tearDownModule", "teardown_module") ) if teardown_module is not None: func = partial(_call_with_optional_argument, teardown_module, init_mod) self.addfinalizer(func)
[docs] def collect(self) -> Iterable[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]]: # Always collect first. def sort_key(entry: "os.DirEntry[str]") -> object: return ( != "", config = self.config col: Optional[nodes.Collector] cols: Sequence[nodes.Collector] ihook = self.ihook for direntry in scandir(self.path, sort_key): if direntry.is_dir(): path = Path(direntry.path) if not self.session.isinitpath(path, with_parents=True): if ihook.pytest_ignore_collect(collection_path=path, config=config): continue col = ihook.pytest_collect_directory(path=path, parent=self) if col is not None: yield col elif direntry.is_file(): path = Path(direntry.path) if not self.session.isinitpath(path): if ihook.pytest_ignore_collect(collection_path=path, config=config): continue cols = ihook.pytest_collect_file(file_path=path, parent=self) yield from cols
def _call_with_optional_argument(func, arg) -> None: """Call the given function with the given argument if func accepts one argument, otherwise calls func without arguments.""" arg_count = func.__code__.co_argcount if inspect.ismethod(func): arg_count -= 1 if arg_count: func(arg) else: func() def _get_first_non_fixture_func(obj: object, names: Iterable[str]) -> Optional[object]: """Return the attribute from the given object to be used as a setup/teardown xunit-style function, but only if not marked as a fixture to avoid calling it twice. """ for name in names: meth: Optional[object] = getattr(obj, name, None) if meth is not None and fixtures.getfixturemarker(meth) is None: return meth return None
[docs] class Class(PyCollector): """Collector for test methods (and nested classes) in a Python class."""
[docs] @classmethod def from_parent(cls, parent, *, name, obj=None, **kw) -> "Self": # type: ignore[override] """The public constructor.""" return super().from_parent(name=name, parent=parent, **kw)
def newinstance(self): return self.obj()
[docs] def collect(self) -> Iterable[Union[nodes.Item, nodes.Collector]]: if not safe_getattr(self.obj, "__test__", True): return [] if hasinit(self.obj): assert self.parent is not None self.warn( PytestCollectionWarning( f"cannot collect test class {self.obj.__name__!r} because it has a " f"__init__ constructor (from: {self.parent.nodeid})" ) ) return [] elif hasnew(self.obj): assert self.parent is not None self.warn( PytestCollectionWarning( f"cannot collect test class {self.obj.__name__!r} because it has a " f"__new__ constructor (from: {self.parent.nodeid})" ) ) return [] self._register_setup_class_fixture() self._register_setup_method_fixture() self.session._fixturemanager.parsefactories(self.newinstance(), self.nodeid) return super().collect()
def _register_setup_class_fixture(self) -> None: """Register an autouse, class scoped fixture into the collected class object that invokes setup_class/teardown_class if either or both are available. Using a fixture to invoke this methods ensures we play nicely and unsurprisingly with other fixtures (#517). """ setup_class = _get_first_non_fixture_func(self.obj, ("setup_class",)) teardown_class = _get_first_non_fixture_func(self.obj, ("teardown_class",)) if setup_class is None and teardown_class is None: return def xunit_setup_class_fixture(request) -> Generator[None, None, None]: cls = request.cls if setup_class is not None: func = getimfunc(setup_class) _call_with_optional_argument(func, cls) yield if teardown_class is not None: func = getimfunc(teardown_class) _call_with_optional_argument(func, cls) self.session._fixturemanager._register_fixture( # Use a unique name to speed up lookup. name=f"_xunit_setup_class_fixture_{self.obj.__qualname__}", func=xunit_setup_class_fixture, nodeid=self.nodeid, scope="class", autouse=True, ) def _register_setup_method_fixture(self) -> None: """Register an autouse, function scoped fixture into the collected class object that invokes setup_method/teardown_method if either or both are available. Using a fixture to invoke these methods ensures we play nicely and unsurprisingly with other fixtures (#517). """ setup_name = "setup_method" setup_method = _get_first_non_fixture_func(self.obj, (setup_name,)) teardown_name = "teardown_method" teardown_method = _get_first_non_fixture_func(self.obj, (teardown_name,)) if setup_method is None and teardown_method is None: return def xunit_setup_method_fixture(request) -> Generator[None, None, None]: instance = request.instance method = request.function if setup_method is not None: func = getattr(instance, setup_name) _call_with_optional_argument(func, method) yield if teardown_method is not None: func = getattr(instance, teardown_name) _call_with_optional_argument(func, method) self.session._fixturemanager._register_fixture( # Use a unique name to speed up lookup. name=f"_xunit_setup_method_fixture_{self.obj.__qualname__}", func=xunit_setup_method_fixture, nodeid=self.nodeid, scope="function", autouse=True, )
def hasinit(obj: object) -> bool: init: object = getattr(obj, "__init__", None) if init: return init != object.__init__ return False def hasnew(obj: object) -> bool: new: object = getattr(obj, "__new__", None) if new: return new != object.__new__ return False @final @dataclasses.dataclass(frozen=True) class IdMaker: """Make IDs for a parametrization.""" __slots__ = ( "argnames", "parametersets", "idfn", "ids", "config", "nodeid", "func_name", ) # The argnames of the parametrization. argnames: Sequence[str] # The ParameterSets of the parametrization. parametersets: Sequence[ParameterSet] # Optionally, a user-provided callable to make IDs for parameters in a # ParameterSet. idfn: Optional[Callable[[Any], Optional[object]]] # Optionally, explicit IDs for ParameterSets by index. ids: Optional[Sequence[Optional[object]]] # Optionally, the pytest config. # Used for controlling ASCII escaping, and for calling the # :hook:`pytest_make_parametrize_id` hook. config: Optional[Config] # Optionally, the ID of the node being parametrized. # Used only for clearer error messages. nodeid: Optional[str] # Optionally, the ID of the function being parametrized. # Used only for clearer error messages. func_name: Optional[str] def make_unique_parameterset_ids(self) -> List[str]: """Make a unique identifier for each ParameterSet, that may be used to identify the parametrization in a node ID. Format is <prm_1_token>-...-<prm_n_token>[counter], where prm_x_token is - user-provided id, if given - else an id derived from the value, applicable for certain types - else <argname><parameterset index> The counter suffix is appended only in case a string wouldn't be unique otherwise. """ resolved_ids = list(self._resolve_ids()) # All IDs must be unique! if len(resolved_ids) != len(set(resolved_ids)): # Record the number of occurrences of each ID. id_counts = Counter(resolved_ids) # Map the ID to its next suffix. id_suffixes: Dict[str, int] = defaultdict(int) # Suffix non-unique IDs to make them unique. for index, id in enumerate(resolved_ids): if id_counts[id] > 1: suffix = "" if id and id[-1].isdigit(): suffix = "_" new_id = f"{id}{suffix}{id_suffixes[id]}" while new_id in set(resolved_ids): id_suffixes[id] += 1 new_id = f"{id}{suffix}{id_suffixes[id]}" resolved_ids[index] = new_id id_suffixes[id] += 1 assert len(resolved_ids) == len( set(resolved_ids) ), f"Internal error: {resolved_ids=}" return resolved_ids def _resolve_ids(self) -> Iterable[str]: """Resolve IDs for all ParameterSets (may contain duplicates).""" for idx, parameterset in enumerate(self.parametersets): if is not None: # ID provided directly - pytest.param(..., id="...") yield elif self.ids and idx < len(self.ids) and self.ids[idx] is not None: # ID provided in the IDs list - parametrize(..., ids=[...]). yield self._idval_from_value_required(self.ids[idx], idx) else: # ID not provided - generate it. yield "-".join( self._idval(val, argname, idx) for val, argname in zip(parameterset.values, self.argnames) ) def _idval(self, val: object, argname: str, idx: int) -> str: """Make an ID for a parameter in a ParameterSet.""" idval = self._idval_from_function(val, argname, idx) if idval is not None: return idval idval = self._idval_from_hook(val, argname) if idval is not None: return idval idval = self._idval_from_value(val) if idval is not None: return idval return self._idval_from_argname(argname, idx) def _idval_from_function( self, val: object, argname: str, idx: int ) -> Optional[str]: """Try to make an ID for a parameter in a ParameterSet using the user-provided id callable, if given.""" if self.idfn is None: return None try: id = self.idfn(val) except Exception as e: prefix = f"{self.nodeid}: " if self.nodeid is not None else "" msg = "error raised while trying to determine id of parameter '{}' at position {}" msg = prefix + msg.format(argname, idx) raise ValueError(msg) from e if id is None: return None return self._idval_from_value(id) def _idval_from_hook(self, val: object, argname: str) -> Optional[str]: """Try to make an ID for a parameter in a ParameterSet by calling the :hook:`pytest_make_parametrize_id` hook.""" if self.config: id: Optional[str] = self.config.hook.pytest_make_parametrize_id( config=self.config, val=val, argname=argname ) return id return None def _idval_from_value(self, val: object) -> Optional[str]: """Try to make an ID for a parameter in a ParameterSet from its value, if the value type is supported.""" if isinstance(val, (str, bytes)): return _ascii_escaped_by_config(val, self.config) elif val is None or isinstance(val, (float, int, bool, complex)): return str(val) elif isinstance(val, Pattern): return ascii_escaped(val.pattern) elif val is NOTSET: # Fallback to default. Note that NOTSET is an enum.Enum. pass elif isinstance(val, enum.Enum): return str(val) elif isinstance(getattr(val, "__name__", None), str): # Name of a class, function, module, etc. name: str = getattr(val, "__name__") return name return None def _idval_from_value_required(self, val: object, idx: int) -> str: """Like _idval_from_value(), but fails if the type is not supported.""" id = self._idval_from_value(val) if id is not None: return id # Fail. if self.func_name is not None: prefix = f"In {self.func_name}: " elif self.nodeid is not None: prefix = f"In {self.nodeid}: " else: prefix = "" msg = ( f"{prefix}ids contains unsupported value {saferepr(val)} (type: {type(val)!r}) at index {idx}. " "Supported types are: str, bytes, int, float, complex, bool, enum, regex or anything with a __name__." ) fail(msg, pytrace=False) @staticmethod def _idval_from_argname(argname: str, idx: int) -> str: """Make an ID for a parameter in a ParameterSet from the argument name and the index of the ParameterSet.""" return str(argname) + str(idx) @final @dataclasses.dataclass(frozen=True) class CallSpec2: """A planned parameterized invocation of a test function. Calculated during collection for a given test function's Metafunc. Once collection is over, each callspec is turned into a single Item and stored in item.callspec. """ # arg name -> arg value which will be passed to a fixture or pseudo-fixture # of the same name. (indirect or direct parametrization respectively) params: Dict[str, object] = dataclasses.field(default_factory=dict) # arg name -> arg index. indices: Dict[str, int] = dataclasses.field(default_factory=dict) # Used for sorting parametrized resources. _arg2scope: Mapping[str, Scope] = dataclasses.field(default_factory=dict) # Parts which will be added to the item's name in `[..]` separated by "-". _idlist: Sequence[str] = dataclasses.field(default_factory=tuple) # Marks which will be applied to the item. marks: List[Mark] = dataclasses.field(default_factory=list) def setmulti( self, *, argnames: Iterable[str], valset: Iterable[object], id: str, marks: Iterable[Union[Mark, MarkDecorator]], scope: Scope, param_index: int, ) -> "CallSpec2": params = self.params.copy() indices = self.indices.copy() arg2scope = dict(self._arg2scope) for arg, val in zip(argnames, valset): if arg in params: raise ValueError(f"duplicate parametrization of {arg!r}") params[arg] = val indices[arg] = param_index arg2scope[arg] = scope return CallSpec2( params=params, indices=indices, _arg2scope=arg2scope, _idlist=[*self._idlist, id], marks=[*self.marks, *normalize_mark_list(marks)], ) def getparam(self, name: str) -> object: try: return self.params[name] except KeyError as e: raise ValueError(name) from e @property def id(self) -> str: return "-".join(self._idlist) def get_direct_param_fixture_func(request: FixtureRequest) -> Any: return request.param # Used for storing pseudo fixturedefs for direct parametrization. name2pseudofixturedef_key = StashKey[Dict[str, FixtureDef[Any]]]()
[docs] @final class Metafunc: """Objects passed to the :hook:`pytest_generate_tests` hook. They help to inspect a test function and to generate tests according to test configuration or values specified in the class or module where a test function is defined. """ def __init__( self, definition: "FunctionDefinition", fixtureinfo: fixtures.FuncFixtureInfo, config: Config, cls=None, module=None, *, _ispytest: bool = False, ) -> None: check_ispytest(_ispytest) #: Access to the underlying :class:`_pytest.python.FunctionDefinition`. self.definition = definition #: Access to the :class:`pytest.Config` object for the test session. self.config = config #: The module object where the test function is defined in. self.module = module #: Underlying Python test function. self.function = definition.obj #: Set of fixture names required by the test function. self.fixturenames = fixtureinfo.names_closure #: Class object where the test function is defined in or ``None``. self.cls = cls self._arg2fixturedefs = fixtureinfo.name2fixturedefs # Result of parametrize(). self._calls: List[CallSpec2] = []
[docs] def parametrize( self, argnames: Union[str, Sequence[str]], argvalues: Iterable[Union[ParameterSet, Sequence[object], object]], indirect: Union[bool, Sequence[str]] = False, ids: Optional[ Union[Iterable[Optional[object]], Callable[[Any], Optional[object]]] ] = None, scope: Optional[_ScopeName] = None, *, _param_mark: Optional[Mark] = None, ) -> None: """Add new invocations to the underlying test function using the list of argvalues for the given argnames. Parametrization is performed during the collection phase. If you need to setup expensive resources see about setting indirect to do it rather than at test setup time. Can be called multiple times per test function (but only on different argument names), in which case each call parametrizes all previous parametrizations, e.g. :: unparametrized: t parametrize ["x", "y"]: t[x], t[y] parametrize [1, 2]: t[x-1], t[x-2], t[y-1], t[y-2] :param argnames: A comma-separated string denoting one or more argument names, or a list/tuple of argument strings. :param argvalues: The list of argvalues determines how often a test is invoked with different argument values. If only one argname was specified argvalues is a list of values. If N argnames were specified, argvalues must be a list of N-tuples, where each tuple-element specifies a value for its respective argname. :param indirect: A list of arguments' names (subset of argnames) or a boolean. If True the list contains all names from the argnames. Each argvalue corresponding to an argname in this list will be passed as request.param to its respective argname fixture function so that it can perform more expensive setups during the setup phase of a test rather than at collection time. :param ids: Sequence of (or generator for) ids for ``argvalues``, or a callable to return part of the id for each argvalue. With sequences (and generators like ``itertools.count()``) the returned ids should be of type ``string``, ``int``, ``float``, ``bool``, or ``None``. They are mapped to the corresponding index in ``argvalues``. ``None`` means to use the auto-generated id. If it is a callable it will be called for each entry in ``argvalues``, and the return value is used as part of the auto-generated id for the whole set (where parts are joined with dashes ("-")). This is useful to provide more specific ids for certain items, e.g. dates. Returning ``None`` will use an auto-generated id. If no ids are provided they will be generated automatically from the argvalues. :param scope: If specified it denotes the scope of the parameters. The scope is used for grouping tests by parameter instances. It will also override any fixture-function defined scope, allowing to set a dynamic scope using test context or configuration. """ argnames, parametersets = ParameterSet._for_parametrize( argnames, argvalues, self.function, self.config, nodeid=self.definition.nodeid, ) del argvalues if "request" in argnames: fail( "'request' is a reserved name and cannot be used in @pytest.mark.parametrize", pytrace=False, ) if scope is not None: scope_ = Scope.from_user( scope, descr=f"parametrize() call in {self.function.__name__}" ) else: scope_ = _find_parametrized_scope(argnames, self._arg2fixturedefs, indirect) self._validate_if_using_arg_names(argnames, indirect) # Use any already (possibly) generated ids with parametrize Marks. if _param_mark and _param_mark._param_ids_from: generated_ids = _param_mark._param_ids_from._param_ids_generated if generated_ids is not None: ids = generated_ids ids = self._resolve_parameter_set_ids( argnames, ids, parametersets, nodeid=self.definition.nodeid ) # Store used (possibly generated) ids with parametrize Marks. if _param_mark and _param_mark._param_ids_from and generated_ids is None: object.__setattr__(_param_mark._param_ids_from, "_param_ids_generated", ids) # Add funcargs as fixturedefs to fixtureinfo.arg2fixturedefs by registering # artificial "pseudo" FixtureDef's so that later at test execution time we can # rely on a proper FixtureDef to exist for fixture setup. node = None # If we have a scope that is higher than function, we need # to make sure we only ever create an according fixturedef on # a per-scope basis. We thus store and cache the fixturedef on the # node related to the scope. if scope_ is not Scope.Function: collector = self.definition.parent assert collector is not None node = get_scope_node(collector, scope_) if node is None: # If used class scope and there is no class, use module-level # collector (for now). if scope_ is Scope.Class: assert isinstance(collector, Module) node = collector # If used package scope and there is no package, use session # (for now). elif scope_ is Scope.Package: node = collector.session else: assert False, f"Unhandled missing scope: {scope}" if node is None: name2pseudofixturedef = None else: default: Dict[str, FixtureDef[Any]] = {} name2pseudofixturedef = node.stash.setdefault( name2pseudofixturedef_key, default ) arg_directness = self._resolve_args_directness(argnames, indirect) for argname in argnames: if arg_directness[argname] == "indirect": continue if name2pseudofixturedef is not None and argname in name2pseudofixturedef: fixturedef = name2pseudofixturedef[argname] else: fixturedef = FixtureDef( config=self.config, baseid="", argname=argname, func=get_direct_param_fixture_func, scope=scope_, params=None, ids=None, _ispytest=True, ) if name2pseudofixturedef is not None: name2pseudofixturedef[argname] = fixturedef self._arg2fixturedefs[argname] = [fixturedef] # Create the new calls: if we are parametrize() multiple times (by applying the decorator # more than once) then we accumulate those calls generating the cartesian product # of all calls. newcalls = [] for callspec in self._calls or [CallSpec2()]: for param_index, (param_id, param_set) in enumerate( zip(ids, parametersets) ): newcallspec = callspec.setmulti( argnames=argnames, valset=param_set.values, id=param_id, marks=param_set.marks, scope=scope_, param_index=param_index, ) newcalls.append(newcallspec) self._calls = newcalls
def _resolve_parameter_set_ids( self, argnames: Sequence[str], ids: Optional[ Union[Iterable[Optional[object]], Callable[[Any], Optional[object]]] ], parametersets: Sequence[ParameterSet], nodeid: str, ) -> List[str]: """Resolve the actual ids for the given parameter sets. :param argnames: Argument names passed to ``parametrize()``. :param ids: The `ids` parameter of the ``parametrize()`` call (see docs). :param parametersets: The parameter sets, each containing a set of values corresponding to ``argnames``. :param nodeid str: The nodeid of the definition item that generated this parametrization. :returns: List with ids for each parameter set given. """ if ids is None: idfn = None ids_ = None elif callable(ids): idfn = ids ids_ = None else: idfn = None ids_ = self._validate_ids(ids, parametersets, self.function.__name__) id_maker = IdMaker( argnames, parametersets, idfn, ids_, self.config, nodeid=nodeid, func_name=self.function.__name__, ) return id_maker.make_unique_parameterset_ids() def _validate_ids( self, ids: Iterable[Optional[object]], parametersets: Sequence[ParameterSet], func_name: str, ) -> List[Optional[object]]: try: num_ids = len(ids) # type: ignore[arg-type] except TypeError: try: iter(ids) except TypeError as e: raise TypeError("ids must be a callable or an iterable") from e num_ids = len(parametersets) # num_ids == 0 is a special case: if num_ids != len(parametersets) and num_ids != 0: msg = "In {}: {} parameter sets specified, with different number of ids: {}" fail(msg.format(func_name, len(parametersets), num_ids), pytrace=False) return list(itertools.islice(ids, num_ids)) def _resolve_args_directness( self, argnames: Sequence[str], indirect: Union[bool, Sequence[str]], ) -> Dict[str, Literal["indirect", "direct"]]: """Resolve if each parametrized argument must be considered an indirect parameter to a fixture of the same name, or a direct parameter to the parametrized function, based on the ``indirect`` parameter of the parametrized() call. :param argnames: List of argument names passed to ``parametrize()``. :param indirect: Same as the ``indirect`` parameter of ``parametrize()``. :returns A dict mapping each arg name to either "indirect" or "direct". """ arg_directness: Dict[str, Literal["indirect", "direct"]] if isinstance(indirect, bool): arg_directness = dict.fromkeys( argnames, "indirect" if indirect else "direct" ) elif isinstance(indirect, Sequence): arg_directness = dict.fromkeys(argnames, "direct") for arg in indirect: if arg not in argnames: fail( f"In {self.function.__name__}: indirect fixture '{arg}' doesn't exist", pytrace=False, ) arg_directness[arg] = "indirect" else: fail( f"In {self.function.__name__}: expected Sequence or boolean" f" for indirect, got {type(indirect).__name__}", pytrace=False, ) return arg_directness def _validate_if_using_arg_names( self, argnames: Sequence[str], indirect: Union[bool, Sequence[str]], ) -> None: """Check if all argnames are being used, by default values, or directly/indirectly. :param List[str] argnames: List of argument names passed to ``parametrize()``. :param indirect: Same as the ``indirect`` parameter of ``parametrize()``. :raises ValueError: If validation fails. """ default_arg_names = set(get_default_arg_names(self.function)) func_name = self.function.__name__ for arg in argnames: if arg not in self.fixturenames: if arg in default_arg_names: fail( f"In {func_name}: function already takes an argument '{arg}' with a default value", pytrace=False, ) else: if isinstance(indirect, Sequence): name = "fixture" if arg in indirect else "argument" else: name = "fixture" if indirect else "argument" fail( f"In {func_name}: function uses no {name} '{arg}'", pytrace=False, )
def _find_parametrized_scope( argnames: Sequence[str], arg2fixturedefs: Mapping[str, Sequence[fixtures.FixtureDef[object]]], indirect: Union[bool, Sequence[str]], ) -> Scope: """Find the most appropriate scope for a parametrized call based on its arguments. When there's at least one direct argument, always use "function" scope. When a test function is parametrized and all its arguments are indirect (e.g. fixtures), return the most narrow scope based on the fixtures used. Related to issue #1832, based on code posted by @Kingdread. """ if isinstance(indirect, Sequence): all_arguments_are_fixtures = len(indirect) == len(argnames) else: all_arguments_are_fixtures = bool(indirect) if all_arguments_are_fixtures: fixturedefs = arg2fixturedefs or {} used_scopes = [ fixturedef[-1]._scope for name, fixturedef in fixturedefs.items() if name in argnames ] # Takes the most narrow scope from used fixtures. return min(used_scopes, default=Scope.Function) return Scope.Function def _ascii_escaped_by_config(val: Union[str, bytes], config: Optional[Config]) -> str: if config is None: escape_option = False else: escape_option = config.getini( "disable_test_id_escaping_and_forfeit_all_rights_to_community_support" ) # TODO: If escaping is turned off and the user passes bytes, # will return a bytes. For now we ignore this but the # code *probably* doesn't handle this case. return val if escape_option else ascii_escaped(val) # type: ignore
[docs] class Function(PyobjMixin, nodes.Item): """Item responsible for setting up and executing a Python test function. :param name: The full function name, including any decorations like those added by parametrization (``my_func[my_param]``). :param parent: The parent Node. :param config: The pytest Config object. :param callspec: If given, this function has been parametrized and the callspec contains meta information about the parametrization. :param callobj: If given, the object which will be called when the Function is invoked, otherwise the callobj will be obtained from ``parent`` using ``originalname``. :param keywords: Keywords bound to the function object for "-k" matching. :param session: The pytest Session object. :param fixtureinfo: Fixture information already resolved at this fixture node.. :param originalname: The attribute name to use for accessing the underlying function object. Defaults to ``name``. Set this if name is different from the original name, for example when it contains decorations like those added by parametrization (``my_func[my_param]``). """ # Disable since functions handle it themselves. _ALLOW_MARKERS = False def __init__( self, name: str, parent, config: Optional[Config] = None, callspec: Optional[CallSpec2] = None, callobj=NOTSET, keywords: Optional[Mapping[str, Any]] = None, session: Optional[Session] = None, fixtureinfo: Optional[FuncFixtureInfo] = None, originalname: Optional[str] = None, ) -> None: super().__init__(name, parent, config=config, session=session) if callobj is not NOTSET: self._obj = callobj self._instance = getattr(callobj, "__self__", None) #: Original function name, without any decorations (for example #: parametrization adds a ``"[...]"`` suffix to function names), used to access #: the underlying function object from ``parent`` (in case ``callobj`` is not given #: explicitly). #: #: .. versionadded:: 3.0 self.originalname = originalname or name # Note: when FunctionDefinition is introduced, we should change ``originalname`` # to a readonly property that returns self.own_markers.extend(get_unpacked_marks(self.obj)) if callspec: self.callspec = callspec self.own_markers.extend(callspec.marks) # todo: this is a hell of a hack # # Note: the order of the updates is important here; indicates what # takes priority (ctor argument over function attributes over markers). # Take own_markers only; NodeKeywords handles parent traversal on its own. self.keywords.update((, mark) for mark in self.own_markers) self.keywords.update(self.obj.__dict__) if keywords: self.keywords.update(keywords) if fixtureinfo is None: fm = self.session._fixturemanager fixtureinfo = fm.getfixtureinfo(self, self.obj, self.cls) self._fixtureinfo: FuncFixtureInfo = fixtureinfo self.fixturenames = fixtureinfo.names_closure self._initrequest() # todo: determine sound type limitations
[docs] @classmethod def from_parent(cls, parent, **kw) -> "Self": """The public constructor.""" return super().from_parent(parent=parent, **kw)
def _initrequest(self) -> None: self.funcargs: Dict[str, object] = {} self._request = fixtures.TopRequest(self, _ispytest=True) @property def function(self): """Underlying python 'function' object.""" return getimfunc(self.obj) @property def instance(self): try: return self._instance except AttributeError: if isinstance(self.parent, Class): # Each Function gets a fresh class instance. self._instance = self._getinstance() else: self._instance = None return self._instance def _getinstance(self): if isinstance(self.parent, Class): # Each Function gets a fresh class instance. return self.parent.newinstance() else: return None def _getobj(self): instance = self.instance if instance is not None: parent_obj = instance else: assert self.parent is not None parent_obj = self.parent.obj # type: ignore[attr-defined] return getattr(parent_obj, self.originalname) @property def _pyfuncitem(self): """(compatonly) for code expecting pytest-2.2 style request objects.""" return self
[docs] def runtest(self) -> None: """Execute the underlying test function.""" self.ihook.pytest_pyfunc_call(pyfuncitem=self)
def setup(self) -> None: self._request._fillfixtures() def _traceback_filter(self, excinfo: ExceptionInfo[BaseException]) -> Traceback: if hasattr(self, "_obj") and not self.config.getoption("fulltrace", False): code = _pytest._code.Code.from_function(get_real_func(self.obj)) path, firstlineno = code.path, code.firstlineno traceback = excinfo.traceback ntraceback = traceback.cut(path=path, firstlineno=firstlineno) if ntraceback == traceback: ntraceback = ntraceback.cut(path=path) if ntraceback == traceback: ntraceback = ntraceback.filter(filter_traceback) if not ntraceback: ntraceback = traceback ntraceback = ntraceback.filter(excinfo) # issue364: mark all but first and last frames to # only show a single-line message for each frame. if self.config.getoption("tbstyle", "auto") == "auto": if len(ntraceback) > 2: ntraceback = Traceback( ( ntraceback[0], *(t.with_repr_style("short") for t in ntraceback[1:-1]), ntraceback[-1], ) ) return ntraceback return excinfo.traceback # TODO: Type ignored -- breaks Liskov Substitution.
[docs] def repr_failure( # type: ignore[override] self, excinfo: ExceptionInfo[BaseException], ) -> Union[str, TerminalRepr]: style = self.config.getoption("tbstyle", "auto") if style == "auto": style = "long" return self._repr_failure_py(excinfo, style=style)
[docs] class FunctionDefinition(Function): """This class is a stop gap solution until we evolve to have actual function definition nodes and manage to get rid of ``metafunc``."""
[docs] def runtest(self) -> None: raise RuntimeError("function definitions are not supposed to be run as tests")
setup = runtest